Gallery: Scholastic Superstars - Profiles of Peter Lombard, John Duns Scotus, Albert the Great, and Bonaventure. Written for a popular audience.
A Guide to Thirteenth Century Theologians - Dates, extant works, and recent bibliography for Dominican, Franciscan, and secular masters at Paris and Oxford.
Catholic Encyclopedia: Alexander of Hales - Biographical article on the first of the scholastic theologians to use Aristotelean principles in systematic theology.
Columbia Encyclopedia: Alexander of Hales - Brief profile of the "Unanswerable Doctor."
A Guide to Thirteenth Century Theologians: Alexander of Hales - Dates, extant works, recent bibliography.
Catholic Encyclopedia: Gabriel Biel - Lengthy article on the last of the Scholastics. Biel, the first professor of theology at Tübingen, was a nominalist. He died in 1495.
Gabriel Biel's Doctrine of Justification - Paper by Michael Sudduth.
Does God act immediately in every action of a creature? - Translation of In sententias theologicas Petri Lombardi, bk. 2, dist. 1, q. 5.
Durandus a Saint-Pourçain - Latin text and English translation of In Petri Lombardi Sententias Theologicas Commentarium, Vol. 4, Dist. 25, Quaestio 2. Also a rebuttal of Durandus's arguments against the ordination of women.
Durandus of Saint-Pourçain - "His nominalism was so much opposed to the contemporary philosophic realism that the third period of Scholasticism is made to begin with him."
Gerson, John - Short biographical article in the Columbia Encyclopedia.
Jean de Charlier de Gerson - Biographical article in the Catholic Encyclopedia. Examines his view of conciliarism, and considers his mystical theology.
Medieval Women: Jean Gerson - Excerpts from Gerson's writings.
On the Life and Mystical Theology of Jean Gerson (1363-1429) - Appreciative article by Scott David Foutz. Gerson seen from an evangelical Protestant perspective.
Bookish - Review of Ivan Illich's 1993 book "In The Vineyard of the Text: A Commentary to Hugh's Didascalicon."
Catholic Encyclopedia: Hugh of St. Victor - Lengthy essay on the life and writings of this philosopher, theologian, and mystical writer.
The Ecole Glossary: Hugh of St.-Victor - Brief profile of the theologian, by Karen Rae Keck.
Hugh of Saint Victor - Brief biography of the twelfth-century philosopher and theologian. In the Columbia Encyclopedia.
Hugh of St. Victor (1096-1141) - Short biography.
Catholic Encyclopedia: Hus, Jan - Biographical article, with extensive hyperlinks.
The Ecole Glossary: Jan Hus - Short biography of the Czech martyr.
Execution of John Hus - Extract from Foxe's Book of Martyrs.
Huss, John - Biographical article on the Czech reformer, in the Columbia Encyclopedia.
Huss, John, Hussites - Lengthy article in the New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. Includes bibliography.
Jan Hus: Final Declaration - Modern History Sourcebook listing of his Final Declaration, July 1, 1415
John Huss, Priest and Martyr - Short biographical sketch.
John Huss, Priest and Martyr - Short biography, along with a profile of Sir Thomas More and John Fisher. Prayer in traditional (Anglican) and contemporary language.
MSN Learning & Research: Hus, Jan - Short biographical article.
Sentence Against John Hus - Issued by the Council of Constance, 6 July, 1415. Tanner edition.
Wikipedia: Jan Hus - Brief biographical article.
The Authority of Text: Nicholas of Lyra's Judaeo-Christian Hermeneutic and The Canterbury Tales - Reading Chaucer by way of the fourteenth-century French exegete. Article by Rhonda Wauhkonen.
Nicholas of Lyra - Exegete, author of postillae, insisted that the literal sense of Scripture is the foundation for any spiritual interpretation.
The Nicholas of Lyra Psalms Page - An English translation of his Postilla on the Book of Psalms.
Sacred Texts - Two photos of a late fifteenth-century printed copy of Nicholas of Lyra's Moralia super totam Bibliam, from the Golda Meir Library at the University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee.
Catholic Encyclopedia: Peter Lombard - Biobibliographical essay on the Master of the Sentences.
Columbia Encyclopedia: Peter Lombard - Brief biography of the Italian theologian.
Commbase - Software for Windows. Biographical database of medieval commentators on the works of Aristotle and Peter Lombard's Sentences.
The Ecole Glossary: Peter Lombard - Short essay on his life and writings.
Encyclopædia Britannica: Peter Lombard - Short article from the 1911 edition. Has some scanner errors, but is legible.
The Franciscan Archive: Peter Lombard - Partial online edition of the Sentences, in Latin and English. Links.
A Historical Dictionary of Terms in Family History: Peter Lombard - Highlights Peter Lombard's teaching on the requirements for a valid marriage.
A Most Mysterious "Angelic" Manuscript - Introduction, and English translation of Peter Lombard's Distinction 7 from Book 2 of the Libri Quattuor Sententiarum.
Peter Lombard (1095-1160) - An article on the scholastic theologian and his most important work, the Sentences. In the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Sententiarum libri IV - Photo of a thirteenth-century manuscript page in the collection of Columbia University.